The large amount of data generated by modern space missions calls for a change of organization of data distribution and access procedures. Although long term archives exist for telescopic and space-borne observations, high-level functions need to be developed on top of these repositories to make Planetary Science and Heliophysics data more accessible and to favor interoperability. Results of simulations and reference laboratory data also need to be integrated to support and interpret the observations. Interoperable software and interfaces have recently been developed in many scientific domains. The Virtual Observatory (VO) interoperable standards developed for Astronomy by the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) can be adapted to Planetary Sciences, as demonstrated by the VESPA (Virtual European Solar and Planetary Access) team within the Europlanet-H2020-RI project. Other communities have developed their own standards: GIS (Geographic Information System) for Earth and planetary surfaces tools, SPASE (Space Physics Archive Search and Extract) for space plasma, PDS4 (NASA Planetary Data System, version 4) and IPDA (International Planetary Data Alliance) for planetary mission archives, etc, and an effort to make them interoperable altogether is starting, including automated workflows to process related data from different sources.  

This special issue gathers a series of papers presented in three scientific sessions held in 2015 at the Japanese Geoscience Union Meeting (Session P-PS02, JpGU, May 2015, Tokyo, Japan), the European Planetary Science Conference (Session MT9, EPSC, Sept. 2015, Nantes, France) and the American Geophysical Union (Sessions IN33E and IN41E, AGU, Dec. 2015, San Francisco, California, USA). The papers topics include discussions on infrastructures and archive management, as well as operational tools and interoperable database, covering planetary surfaces, atmospheres and their ionized environments. 

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